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سیستماتیک و جغرافیای دیرینه سرخس‌ها در گروه شمشک، ناحیه غزنوی، البرز شرقی

چکیده

سرخس‌ها از جمله ماکروفسیل های گیاهی هستند که با فراوانی و تنوع زیاد در گروه شمشک واقع در شمال البرز شرقی یافت می‌شوند. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی بخش‌های مختلف سرخس‌ها از جمله فروند و اندام زایای منتسب به این ماکروفسیل های گیاهی در ناحیه غزنوی (بین شاهرود و آزاد شهر) است. در این تحقیق، هفت جنس و چهارده گونه سرخس از جمله:
Korallipteris yipinglagensis, Cladophlebis nebbensis, Cladophlebis australis, Cladophlebis sp., Cladophlebis haiburnensis, Cladophlebis raciborskii, Cladophlebis cf. scoresbyensis, Cladophlebis denticulata, Clathropteris meniscioides, Dictyophyllum exile, Dictyophyllum nathorsti, Thainguyenopteris, parvipinnulata, Osmundopsis sturiiو Marattia intermedia
شناسائی گردید که به سه راسته از سرخس‌ها به اسامی Filicales،Osmundales و Marattiales تعلق دارند.
گونه‌های فوق با نمونه‌های همزمان آن‌ها از سایر نقاط جهان مقایسه گردید. این مقایسه نشان می‌دهد که بیشترین شباهت بین گونه‌های ناحیه مورد مطالعه با کشورهای کره، ژاپن، چین، ویتنام، گرین لند، ایتالیا، آلمان و آرژانتین وجود دارد. از سوی دیگر، همراهی گونه‌های سازگار با آب و هوای "گرم و مرطوب" و "گرم و نسبتا خشک‌تر"، می‌تواند حاکی از آن باشد که گونه‌های مورد بررسی همگی در محیط Lowland دلتایی، اما در زیر محیط‌های مختلف می‌زیسته‌اند.

واژگان کلیدی
البرز شرقی، تریاس پسین، سرخس‌ها، گروه شمشک، ماکروفسیل های گیاهی.

منابع و مآخذ مقاله

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