palette
Old Persian Simplifications towards Middle Persian
Mojtaba Monshizadeh

Abstract
In the course of its development, Old Persian experienced a fast, thorough a
restructuring during the Achaemenid period. This development was so great that it
marked the beginning of the Middle era in Western Iranian languages. Similar to some
other middle IE languages like English, Western Iranian languages are analytic languages
which have lost a great part of their complexity in their transition from the Old type
to the Middle one. The present article tries to provide some examples regarding the
processes of regularization, loss of redundancy, and growth in transparency, as suggested
in sociolinguistic typology (Trudgill 2010). As such, the development of Old Persian
into Middle Persian is shown to be parallel to major developments in the ancient Iranian
society after the rise of Achaemenids.
Keywords
Old Persian, regularization, redundancy, transparency, simplification, sociolinguistic typology

References

Abolghasemi, Mohsen. 2002. Historical grammar of Persian language. Tehran: Samt.

Gharib, B. 2007. Majmu’e-ye sokhanraniha (a collection of lectures). Tehran: Academy of Persian

Language and Literature.

Kent, R. G. 1953. Old Persian: grammar, texts, lexicon (2nd ed.). New Haven: American Oriental

Society.

Milroy, James. 1992. Middle English dialectology. In Norman Blake (ed.), The History of the English

Language, vol. 2: 1066–1476. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 156–206.

Sankoff, Gillian. 2002. Linguistic outcomes of language contact. In J. K. Chambers, Peter Trudgill,

and Natalie Schilling-Estes (eds.), The Handbook of Language Variation and Change. Oxford: Blackwell,

pp. 638–68.

Schmitt, R. 1991. The Bisitun inscriptions of Darius the Great: old Persian text. on behalf of Corpus

Inscriptionum Iranicarum by School of Oriental and African Studies.

Trudgill, P. 1996. Dual-source pidgins and reverse creoloids: northern perspectives on language

contact. In Ernst Håkon Jahr and Ingvild Broch (eds.), Language Contact in the Arctic: Northern Pidgins

and Contact Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 5–14.

Trudgill, P. 2010. Contact and Sociolinguistic Typology. In R. Hickey (Ed.), Handbook of Language

Contact. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.


Refbacks
  • There are currently no refbacks.