Integrated assessment of city residents' satisfaction with viability in Tabriz city by structural equation method (Case study: Zone 8)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Faculty of Architectural Engineering and Urbanism, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: In this study, satisfaction with the functional component of urban livability and neighborhood relations in urban areas as factors affecting place attachment in the city of Tabriz has been studied. In this regard, the improvement of urban environments should be prioritized in a way that increases access to urban facilities and encourages residents to interact with each other. Tabriz is an example of a city that has experienced rapid urbanization and is becoming a model of development for many cities in Iran. Reflection on the factors affecting the residents' satisfaction with the functional component of viability of the city of Tabriz can have important consequences for many developing cities in our country.
Materials and methods: This article has been done using descriptive-analytical and survey method and using library and field tools. The data collection was done with a questionnaire, the statistical population of the Tabriz city is 1595676 people based on the statistical yearbook of 2016 and the sample size was 384 people, which was obtained based on Cochran's formula. In addition, respondents were randomly selected. Items were ranked using a five-point Likert scale. First, satisfaction with the functional component of urban livability was ranked in terms of accessibility, pleasantness and safety. The access factor was measured through the level of satisfaction with access to public institutions, cultural facilities, commercial facilities and medical facilities. Access was assessed for human perception and emotion. The pleasant factor was also measured in terms of satisfaction with green parks and the surrounding natural environment. The safety factor was measured in terms of safety from natural disasters, crime, etc. In this study, accessibility, pleasantness and safety, which are sub-components of functional component of urban livability satisfaction, were organized as exogenous variables, while neighborhood relations were classified as a mediator and place attachment was considered as an endogenous variable. All analyzes were performed using SPSS and AMOS software. On the other hand, structural equation (SEM) can determine the direct and indirect effects on the dependent variable.
Results and discussion: The results showed that by comparing the total effect of each factor on place attachment, the access factor had the greatest impact. In addition, the indirect effect of neighborhood relationships between safety and place attachment was found to be greatest. This means that greater satisfaction in neighborhood relationships can increase the impact of safety on place attachment. It was also found that the higher the satisfaction of the urban environment, the more positive effect it has on place attachment.
Conclusion: Therefore, in order to improve the quality of place attachment in the city of Tabriz, more attention should be paid to satisfaction with the functional component of urban livability and neighborhood relations.

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Main Subjects


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