نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه علوم و مهندسی آبخیزداری دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری
2 مربی گروه هنر ، دانشگاه فنی وحرفه ایی تهران،ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The study of the characteristics of coal and stone mines, especially the Shah Kunij underwater tunnel in Shahid Beheshti University, to establish a park, a mining museum with the aim of entrepreneurship in geotourism, and a mining museum while preserving the mining heritage in the Talar watershed. The method of the study was descriptive-analytical and in order to obtain information about documents from 1320 until now from the Central Alborz Coal Company and oral interviews were conducted with managers and experts. In order to turn the tunnel king into an underground space for mining tourism, it is necessary to consider the cross-sectional area of the larger tunnel and the 7.3 arc tube to allow pedestrian and wagon traffic. In addition, at a distance of 350 meters from the mouth of the tunnel, a 90-meter-long underground space with a cross section of 13.8 arc should be designed and excavated to establish a suitable place for exhibitions and stores of stones, fossils and mineral artifacts. For ventilation of Shah Tunnel and Farvardin tunnel, CBM6 and CBM5 fans and air conditioning tarpaulins are required, respectively. The total length of the existing tunnels is 900 meters. The area of the outer area of the tunnel, including natural resources, is 32,000 square meters, which can be divided into 4 blocks in terms of geotourism and mineral museum, and includes the entrance, Zabh Darreh river and Shah Tunnel, cultural section and museum, accommodation.