عنوان مقاله [English]
Ardebil City is one of the high-risk points in terms of earthquake incidence potential in Iran. This matter is a serious threat for sustainability of development of this city. The objective of this study is measurement of degree of the city’s resilience against the risk of earthquake incidence. This research is of descriptive-analytical type with a practical aim. Accordingly, the city’s resilience is evaluated based on 14 criteria in the form of 4 main elements with Delphi method with the help of 50 experts. For data analysis, one-sample t-test, Friedman, Kendal, and Route analysis were used inSPSSSoftware. The findings of the study indicate that the status of Ardebil’s resilience against incidence of a probable earthquake in sum of the elements is undesirable with a mean of 3.33. Furthermore, the degree of city’s resilience during and after incidence of earthquake is far lower and significant at 95% level. From among the four elements, the skeletal element with total direct and indirect effect accounts for 56.5% of the alpha and thus is the most effective element in Ardebil’s resilience. The four dimensions of resilience in total were able to account for 74.9% of the Ardebil’s resilience. At the end and based on the research findings within 4 main elements, a number of suggestions are presented for making the city resilable against the risks of incidence of probable earthquakes in Ardebil.